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ENG 101 - English 101 Assignment (Medical Writing Emphasis - Lively): Differentiating Between Sources (popular vs. peer-reviewed)

Popular Sources

Magazines and news articles are written by journalists and other writers who are reporting news, ideas or opinions. These sources tend to have illustrations, color, and may have a bias or specific point of view. They are written in language aimed at the general public.

Examples include:

Peer-reviewed (scholarly) Sources

The peer review process is the widely used method in academic publishing to assess the quality of original research articles submitted to journals.

Before publication, articles are reviewed by a group of experts in the subject (essentially peers of the author). They review the validity of the research methods used in the study, the results, and possibly suggest revisions before the article is accepted for publication.

Peer-reviewed articles tend to be written in a formal tone with advanced readers in mind and studies often have the following sections:

  • Abstract (possibly followed by keywords used in the paper)
  • Background, objectives and/or hypothesis
  • Method used in the study
  • Data analysis and measures
  • Results, accompanied by data tables and charts
  • Discussion of the study results
  • Implication and/or limitations of the study
  • Conclusions and directions for further research

Examples include: